Orton-Gillingham York Region

Personalized Structured Literacy

Facts from the International Dyslexia Association:


  •  A formal psycho-educational assessment is the only way to confirm a diagnosis of dyslexia. 
  • Individuals with dyslexia may have challenges in reading, writing, spelling and note-taking
  • They may have poor time awareness skills 
  • They may experience difficulty with rote memory
  • However, they may be good at problem-solving, be creative, observant and have good social empathy skills
  • It can exhibit as letter or word reversals, omissions or substitutions
  • It is more common in males and associated with left-handedness 
  • Dyslexia is shown to run in families - genetic
  • Affects individuals with average to above average intelligence
  • Individuals may also have difficulty printing, known as dysgraphia or with numeracy called dyscalculia
  • Individuals have trouble with phonemic awareness - cannot hear the individual sounds that comprise words
  • Students may be mistakenly labelled as disorganized, disinterested, lazy or as slow learners
  • 20% of Canada's population have a learning difference, half of those are specifically dyslexic 
  • Those with dyslexia do not "see" words backwards or write them backwards


Dyslexic individuals and those with other learning differences benefit greatly from early intervention in O-G. However, it is never too late to start!

For more about dyslexia visit the Ontario Branch of the International Dyslexia Association (ONBIDA)